Top Ten Women’s Health Threats
Women’s health varies from men’s health and so do the risks that they face. Make sure you are protected when travelling abroad with a UKEHIC card. This is not the same as insurance, so it is still important to have medical insurance when you are travelling, but it does mean that you can be treated in an emergency in the countries listed on UK EHICs website. These are the top ten threats to women’s health.
Women are at high risk of breast cancer and cervical cancer. Luckily, detecting these cancers early greatly improves the ability for successful treatment. In the UK, women over 50 are invited to a regular breast screening. Women will be asked to attend a smear test to check for signs of cervical cancer when they turn 25. It is important to attend your appointment and it is also a good idea to go to the doctors if you notice any changes in your health.
Heart disease is typically associated with men but it remains a major risk to women’s health too. Heart disease can be prevented by making healthy lifestyle changes. Heart disease is a particular problem in the US, where it claims the lives of more women than all cancers do.
Women are at higher risk of contracting illnesses in their lungs caused by pollutants. Smoking is a major cause of death by respiratory illnesses. Other risks include bronchitis, which makes breathing difficult and can significantly lower women’s quality of life.
Women over the age of 65 are at high risk of Alzheimer’s disease. This is a degenerative condition which affects the memory. There is currently no cure for Alzheimer’s but some prevention methods have been recommended, such as following a healthy lifestyle and staying mentally active.
Pregnancy comes with unique risks to women’s health. There is a chance of complications or miscarriage during pregnancy but the standard of care pregnant women receive is high and means that any problems are likely to be detected early.
Flu and Pneumonia
Illnesses such as flu and pneumonia are a risk for women, particularly if they are spending a lot of time outdoors in the cold. It is important to take care to keep warm and hydrated when participating in outdoor activities to avoid getting ill.
Women are at higher risk of a stroke than men because they may be taking birth control pills, be pregnant or be receiving hormone replacement therapy. Keeping cholesterol low by eating a balanced diet is recommended to reduce the risk of stroke. It is recommended that women taking birth control pills attend regular check-up appointments to monitor their blood pressure.
Mental health problems are listed as a high risk for women, although men are more likely to die from suicide. This is because women are more likely to ask for help. Stress and depression are the top mental health issues which impact women. In a survey by the American Psychological Association 50% of female participants reported being stressed.
Women are less likely to participate in regular sport or exercise. While schemes to improve women’s participation are improving this, obesity remains a health risk. Being obese can cause joint and respiratory problems, as well as increase the risk of heart disease.
Injuries and accidents are a risk for anyone but it has been reported that women are more likely to have a car accident. Minor injuries are also more common in women, such as burns and broken bones. Women are also at a higher risk of receiving injuries from domestic violence than men.